Vulnerable component: Microsoft Exchange Server
CVSSv3 score: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:H/RL:O/RC:C
CWE-ID: CWE-20 - Improper Input Validation
The vulnerability allows a remote user to compromise the affected system.
The vulnerability exists due to insufficient validation of cmdlet arguments. A remote user can run a specially crafted cmdlet and execute arbitrary commands on the system.
Note, the vulnerability is being actively exploited in the wild.