This vulnerability was originally discovered independently by both Ruben Santamarta and Tavis Ormandy.
The vulnerability was used in Willysy attack. Users who visit the songlyrics.dot.com website were redirected to Russian attack server.
Vulnerable component: Oracle Java SE
CVSSv3 score: CVSS:3.1/AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:H/I:H/A:H/E:H/RL:O/RC:C
CWE-ID: CWE-20 - Improper Input Validation
The vulnerability allows a remote attacker to execute arbitrary code on the target system.
The vulnerability exists due to an error when parsing URL to a Java Networking Launching Protocol (.jnlp) file. A remote attacker can create a specially crafted link, trick the victim into clicking on it and execute arbitrary commands on the target system with privileges of the current user.
Successful exploitation of the vulnerability results in compromise of vulnerable system.
Note: this vulnerability is being actively exploited.
Known APT campaigns:
The attack was first reported by Armorize on July 24, 2011.
The malware targeted e-commerce Web pages. The researchers aren't aware of the attack origin but they discovered that malware traced to 8 IP addresses in Ukraine.
- JAVA Web Start - Arbitrary Command-Line Injection [Exploit-DB]